REAL SCALE DEMONSTRATORS
OVERALL CIRCULAR CASES
Five different Circular Economy Models will be major developed through Real Scale demonstrators
Valorisation of Paper industry’s causticizing residuals (i.e. lime mud, slaker grits and green liquor dregs) as secondary raw materials for concrete and asphalt manufacturing.
Lime mud as concrete filler; slaker grits and DREGS as aggregates for asphalt pavements.
Valorisation of ash produced in the energy recovery from paper waste produced by Recycling Pulp mills as alternative binder for soil stabilization works in road projects.
WPA and WPBA as alternative hydraulic road binders.
Valorisation of deinking paper sludge and waste paper ash produced by Recycling Pulp mills for the rehabilitation and slope stabilization of landslides in Railway lines.
WPA + DPS composite for railway applications (landslide stabilisation).
Valorisation of fibre sludge waste generated by the Pulp industry as secondary raw materials for the production of ethanol derivatives for the Chemical industry (i.e. Paints).
Fibre sludge for advanced chemicals based on bioethanol.
Valorisation of green liquor dregs produced by the Pulp industry as reactive sealing layers for acid rock drainage mitigation in mine waste deposits.
DREGS as sealing layer for mining spoil.