REAL SCALE DEMONSTRATORS

OVERALL CIRCULAR CASES

Five different Circular Economy Models will be major developed through Real Scale demonstrators

Circular Case

Construction sector

Valorisation of Paper industry’s causticizing residuals (i.e. lime mud, slaker grits and green liquor dregs) as secondary raw materials for concrete and asphalt manufacturing.

Central Portugal:

Lime mud as concrete filler; slaker grits and DREGS as aggregates for asphalt pavements.

Circular Case

Construction sector

Valorisation of ash produced in the energy recovery from paper waste produced by Recycling Pulp mills as alternative binder for soil stabilization works in road projects.

Norther Spain

WPA and WPBA as alternative hydraulic road binders.

 

Circular Case

Construction sector

Valorisation of deinking paper sludge and waste paper ash produced by Recycling Pulp mills for the rehabilitation and slope stabilization of landslides in Railway lines.

Slovenia

WPA + DPS composite for railway applications (landslide stabilisation).

Circular Case

Chemical sector

Valorisation of fibre sludge waste generated by the Pulp industry as secondary raw materials for the production of ethanol derivatives for the Chemical industry (i.e. Paints).

Central Sweden:

Fibre sludge for advanced chemicals based on bioethanol.

Circular Case

Mining sector

Valorisation of green liquor dregs produced by the Pulp industry as reactive sealing layers for acid rock drainage mitigation in mine waste deposits.

Norther Sweden

DREGS as sealing layer for mining spoil.